Diploma Courses

Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3

Date Duration Venue Timings Register Now Downloads
03-Oct-2017 45 Days Hyderabad 10:00am to 03:00pm Apply
Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3.pdf
Course Overview (42 Kb)

 


Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3


PROGRAM OVERVIEW


 This is a comprehensive program designed to present all major topics relative to the Process Piping Drafting, Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering of Piping Systems, Mechanical design, Hydraulic design, Construction of Piping Systems and Stress Analysis of Process Piping Systems. 


The program also covers Process Equipments, Plant Layout, and Mechanical & Hydraulic Design of Pipelines. It is one of the Unique Training Program which covers comprehensive Static Stress Analysis of Piping Systems along with CAESAR – II software. 


The program duration is 45 days Full time Instruction including concept theory, design calculations, piping drawings, system design, drafting and exposure to Industry Leading Pipe Stress Analysis Software (CAESAR – II).  


WHO SHOULD ATTEND


Fresh Mechanical / Chemical Engineering Graduates, Diploma & ITI.


Practicing Piping Design/layout Engineers, Piping 3d Cad Engineers, Piping Draftsmen, Piping Construction Engineers, Piping Fabrication Engineers, Piping Supervisors, Piping Stress Engineers, Piping QA/QC engineers.


 


WHAT YOU WILL LEARN


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to


Perform various tasks in piping works, which can be related to Layout & Design, Drafting, Stress analysis & Construction, in  Design Office, EPC Companies, & Plant Owner Companies.


Create & Understand Piping Layouts and Isometrics.


Create MTO (Material Take off).


Establish Pressure Ratings for Piping Components, Valves / Flanges.


Select Flange, Gaskets, Valves etc.


Understand & Use ASME Code & Standards.


Understand Equipment Vendor Drawings.


Create Plant equipment & piping layouts.


Understand Flow Diagrams (BFD/PFD’s & P& ID’s).


Interpret Pipe Properties.


Create Piping Material Specifications.


Perform Pressure Design/Hydraulic Design Calculations.


Piping Stress Requirements.


Perform Manual Pipe Stress Calculations using formulae, graphs, charts, nomographs.


Use CAESAR II Software to create 3d models of Piping Systems & Perform Static Stress Analysis.


Understand Piping Construction Requirements including Non Destructive Examination (NDE), Testing of Piping Systems, Fabrication Requirements, Assembly & Erection Practices. 


 


COURSE MODULES


I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.                                 


Piping Fundamentals 


ASME Codes & Standards 


Pipe Fittings 


Flanges 


Valves 


Special Elements 


Mechanical/Process Equipments 


Flow Diagrams 


Piping Specifications 


Piping & Equipment Layout 


Piping Isometrics 


Piping Spools 


Pipe Supports


 


II) Piping & Pipeline Systems Design. 


Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems/ Pipelines/ Building Services Piping. 


Hydraulic Design of Liquid Piping Systems & Pipelines. 


 


III) Pipe Stress Analysis. 


Introduction 


Pipe Span Calculations 


Expansion Loops & Expansion Joints 


Layout Solutions for Weight, Thermal, & Wind Loads. 


Sustained Loads 


Flexibility Analysis using Code Equations 


Occasional Loads 


 


IV) CAESAR II – Software Static Analysis.


 


PROGRAM DESCRIPTION


 


I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.


Module - 1) Piping Fundamentals


Introduction to Process Plants


Difference between Code and Standards


Scope of Piping in Projects.


Plant Piping Systems and Transportation Pipelines.


Definition & Application of Pipe


Difference between pipes and tubes,


Pipe Designators – NPS , IPS , NB, Pipe Wall Thickness & Schedule, Pipe Weights, Lengths, Grades, Ends, Joining Methods, Methods of Manufacture, Pipe Ratings, Pipe Symbols.


ASTM Specifications of pipes.


Module - 2) Pipe Fittings – ASME Standards, Selection, Application, Drawing Symbols & Dimensioning.


Types of Fittings – Butt Weld, Screwed & Socket Weld.


Elbow – 90 degree (LR & SR), 45 degree, Reducing Ell, Elbow Representations on drawings, different views, drawing call outs .


Pipe Bends – Miter Bends, Miter types, Miter angle determination, Miter stress requirements, 180 degree Return, Representations on drawings.


Branch Connections – Weld Straight & Reducing Tee, Cross & Lateral. Representations on drawings, drawing call outs.


Reducers – Concentric & Eccentric, Reducer Offsets Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.


Eccentric reducer applications, offset calculation.


Stub Ends, Stub end types: Long, Short, Class A, Class B Representations on drawings, Application of Stub Ends.


Fabricated Branch Connections – Stub In & Stub On, Representations on drawings, Welding Minimums for Stub In.


Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcing Pad, Welding Saddle, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.


O let Fittings – Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Latrolets, Elbolets & Sweepolets, Nipolet, Flangolet Representations on drawings.


Types of Couplings: Full coupling, Reducing coupling, Half coupling, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.


Weld Cap, Plug, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.


Fitting Makeup – Dimensioning, Placement of Dimensions.


Minimum Pipe length requirements. 


Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings – Union, Plug, Coupling, Types of couplings, coupling applications. Types of Swages, Swage end configurations. Swage applications.


Classes of Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings 


Dimensioning Exercises


Module - 3) Pipe Flanges – ASME Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.


Definition of Flange.


Types of Flanges and Application, P-T. Ratings. – Forged Steel and Cast Iron Flanges.


Flange Facings – Flat Face, Raised Face, RTJ, & Male - Female, Tongue & Groove. Flange Face Finish types, application.


Weld Neck, Slip On, Threaded, Socket Weld, Lap-Joint, Reducing, Blind & Orifice Flanges.


Flange considerations by a Piping Engineer and by Code. Bolt hole requirements. Bolts & Nuts types.


Gaskets – Types, Thickness, selection requirements 


Flange selection exercise.


Dimensioning Exercises.


Module - 4) Valves – ASME/API Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.


Definition.


Valve Functions, P-T Ratings, Difference in Valve and flange Ratings, Valve Tag numbers, Locations & End Connections.


Valve Types – Gate, Globe, Ball, Check, Butterfly, Angle, PRV/PSV, Plug, Control Valve, Diaphragm, Needle, Piston, Flush bottom, 3-Way, 4-Way,  etc.


Control Valve Manifold: Types, Function, Layout types, Representation & Requirements on flow Diagrams and Layouts.


Valve Operators.


Valve Data Sheet preparation and understanding.


Valve Trim.


Valve Selection.


Valve Layout Considerations.


Dimensioning Exercises.


Module - 5) ASME Codes & Standards


Introduction to ASME Pressure Piping Design Codes.


ASME Standards for Common Piping Elements.


API Codes.


Other Codes & Standards.


Module - 6) Piping Special Elements.


Strainers


Bellows/Expansion Joints.


Rupture Disc.


Spectacle Blind.


Blanks.


Spacers.


Steam Traps.


Flame Arrestor.


Vortex Breaker.


Module - 7) Process Mechanical Equipments – API Standards, Symbols, & Application.


Static – Horizontal Vessels, Distillation columns, Storage Tanks, Heat Exchanger & Re boiler, Fired Heaters, Reactors, Cooling Towers.


Rotary – Pumps, Compressor, Fans.


Vessel trim.


Module - 8) Flow Diagrams.


Block flow Diagrams-BFD,


Process Flow Diagram – PFD. 


Utility Flow Diagram- UFD,


Piping & Instrumentation Diagram – P & ID.


Line Numbering,


Line Number requirements, 


Piping Tracing(Jacket Piping ,Steam/Electric tracing).


P& ID Requirements, 


Line Designation table/ Line list creation from P & ID.


Print Reading Exercise, 


Flow Diagram Exercises, 


Symbols & Abbreviations.


Equipment vendor data/PDS,


Instrument Types & Symbols – Flow, Temp, Pressure & Level.


Instrument Hook-up Drawing


Module - 9) Piping Material Specification (PMS)/ Piping class


PMS and its requirements,


Piping Specifications / Material Selection / P-T ratings / Valve Data / Branch table / Abbrevation details. 


PMS Application/Use by various departments.


Module - 10) Plot Plan, Equipment Layout, & Piping GA Drawings.


Plot Plan Development & Requirements.


Layout Terminology & call outs,


Control Point & Plant north, Battery Limits.


Equipment Layout:  Types, Guidelines for preparation based on type, 


Guidelines for Building layout types.


Piping GA Drawing Requirements and Layout Procedure.


Pipe routing requirements


Pump GA Drawing and Layout Consideration.


Tank & Vessel Layout Consideration.


GA - Print Reading Exercise.


oInputs(Drawings/Documents) for piping G A drawings.


Module - 11) Piping Isometrics


Isometric requirements


Drawing Piping Isometrics


Isometric Dimensions, Notes & Callouts.


Isometric Offsets.


Print Reading Exercises.


Exercises on Creation of Isometrics form Piping Plans and Sections.


Inputs (Drawings/Documents) for piping Isometric drawings.


Module - 12) Piping Spools


Definition


Types of Spool Drawings.


Guidelines to Prepare Spool Drawings.


Print Reading Exercises.


Exercises on Creation of Piping Spool from Piping Isometrics.


MTO (Material Take Off):  Types, and applications.


Module - 13) Pipe Supports


Classification of Supports.


Primary supports


Secondary supports


Rest supports


Anchor supports


Standard supports


Standard support details required


Non Standard supports/Special pipe supports(SPS)


SPS  requirements.


Anchors.


Pipe Guides.


Limit Stops.


Pipe Shoe.


Shoe Guides / Hold down guides,


Dummy Leg / Trunion.


Field Support / Base Support.


Rigid Hangers – Rod & Clevis, Trapeze.


Pick up supports, 


Flexible/Spring supports – Variable & Constant.


Control valve manifold supports.


Piping support Engineer work procedure.


Pipe Rack Design – Types, Height & Width Calculations, Pipe Arrangements.


Control Station & Utility Station on Pipe Racks.


II) Piping Systems Design


Module - 1) Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems – ASME B 31.3.


Scope of ASME B 31.3, B31.4 & B 31.8


ASME B 31.3 Fluid Service Categories.


Design Pressure & Design Temperature for Piping Systems.


P-T Rating Determination of Flanges, Threaded  & Socket Weld Fittings.


Pressure Design of Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. – Wall thickness Calculations.


MDP – Maximum Design Pressure for Piping S.ystems


Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcement Pad Calculations.


Pressure Design of Miter Bends – Single & Multiple Miters.


Pressure Design of Blanks.


Pipeline Wall thickness Calculations – B 31.4 / B 31.8.


MAOP – Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure for Pipelines.


Piping Material Selection per ASME Code.


Module - 2) Hydraulic Design of Liquid Piping Systems & Pipelines.


A.Pressure Drop Due to Friction


Velocity Variation in Pipes


Typical Velocities for Water Piping & Other Liquids


Pipe Sizing


Hazen Williams Equation


Darcy Weisbach Equation


Friction Factor


Reynolds Number


Colebrook White Equation


Moody Diagram


Minor Losses in Pipe Fittings – Equivalent Length Method & K-Factor method.


B.Pressure & Horse Power Required


Total Pressure Required to Transport – Friction Head, Elevation Head, And Minimum Delivery Pressure.


Elements of Total Dynamic Head – Static Head, Pressure Head, Velocity Head, Friction Head.


Pump Horse Power Required.


Cavitation in Pumps.


NPSH Required & NPSH Available for Pumps.


III) Pipe Stress Analysis


Module - 1) Introduction


Objectives & Definition of Stress Analysis


Piping Loads –  Primary, Secondary, Sustained Loads, Occasional Loads, Static & Dynamic Loads.


Piping Stresses- Primary, Secondary.


Stresses acting in Pipe due to internal Pressure.


Stresses acting in Pipe due to pipe weight.


Critical Line List & its criteria.


Information Required for Stress Analysis.


Occasional Loads


Wind Load.


Seismic Load.


Water Hammer Load.


Theories of Failure.


Requirements of ASME B 31.3 Code – Sustained Loads, Thermal Expansion & Occasional Loads.


Module - 2) Pipe Span Calculations


Span limitations based on Stress, Deflection & Natural Frequency.


Allowable Pipe Span Calculations.


Suggested Pipe Support Spacing.


Pipe Span Reduction Factor for Elbows, Concentrated Loads etc.


Module -  3) Flexibility Analysis – Expansion Loops & Expansion Joints.


Concept of Thermal Expansion.


Providing Flexibility in Piping.


Minimum Leg Required to Absorb Thermal Expansion.


Stress Nomographs for Pump and Vessel Piping.


Types of Expansion Loops.


Expansion Loop Sizing for Hot Piping.


Expansion Loops requirements on pipe racks.


Nozzle Thermal Growth Calculations – pumps, vessels, heat exchangers.


Expansion Joints – Types, Application & Selection.


Bellow Materials, Hydrostatic Test Pressure for Bellows.


Guide Spacing for Expansion Joints.


Severe Cyclic Conditions.


Module - 4) Layout Solutions for Weight, Thermal, Vibration & Wind Loads.


Causes of Pipe Stress.


Solving Concentrated Loads and Reducing Loads on Equipment Nozzles.


Checking Piping Layout in Pipe Racks.


Checking Piping Layout for Reciprocating Equipment.


Checking Piping Layout for Wind Load.


Solutions for piping loads.


Selection of Supports, Location of Supports and Restraints on a Pump Piping Layout.


Module – 5) Flexibility Analysis using ASME B 31.3 Code Equations.


Thermal Expansion Stress – Se, Code Allowable Thermal Displacement Stress Range Sa.


Stress Range Reduction Factors – f.


Bending & Torsion Stress.


Formal Analysis Requirements.


Inplane & Outplane Bending Moments


Stress Intensification Factors – SIF.


Calculation of Thermal Expansion Stress


Cold Spring.


IV) CAESAR – II – Pipe Stress Analysis Software


Introduction.


Piping Input Spreadsheet.


Modelling of Piping Isometrics – Bends, Returns, Reducers, Valves, Loops etc.


Performing Static Analysis.


Load case explanations


Modifying Load Cases.


Hanger Selection.


Set up of SUS, OPE, EXP, HYD, HGR Load cases.


Set up of Wind Load cases.


Set up of Uniform Load cases.


WRC Nozzle load calculations.


Viewing Reports.


Word/Excel file conversion of reports.


Making/Reviewing unit files.


Importing Lines for stress analysis.


10 Practical Examples – Input, Analysis & Redesign.


*Numerous Examples are covered to illustrate application of Piping Systems Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering & Pipe Drafting. Application of ASME B31.3 Code for Piping Design, Construction & Integrity.


*100 Practical Examples shall be covered during the course for Detailed Engineering, Design & Stress Analysis.


*Oil Refinery Project on Detailed Engineering of Piping Systems.