Diploma Courses

Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3

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03-Oct-2017 45 Days Hyderabad 10:00am to 03:00pm Apply
Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3.pdf
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Process Piping Design & Engineering per ASME B 31.3


 This is a comprehensive program designed to present all major topics relative to the Process Piping Drafting, Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering of Piping Systems, Mechanical design, Hydraulic design, Construction of Piping Systems and Stress Analysis of Process Piping Systems. 

The program also covers Process Equipments, Plant Layout, and Mechanical & Hydraulic Design of Pipelines. It is one of the Unique Training Program which covers comprehensive Static Stress Analysis of Piping Systems along with CAESAR – II software. 

The program duration is 45 days Full time Instruction including concept theory, design calculations, piping drawings, system design, drafting and exposure to Industry Leading Pipe Stress Analysis Software (CAESAR – II).  


Fresh Mechanical / Chemical Engineering Graduates, Diploma & ITI.

Practicing Piping Design/layout Engineers, Piping 3d Cad Engineers, Piping Draftsmen, Piping Construction Engineers, Piping Fabrication Engineers, Piping Supervisors, Piping Stress Engineers, Piping QA/QC engineers.



Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to

Perform various tasks in piping works, which can be related to Layout & Design, Drafting, Stress analysis & Construction, in  Design Office, EPC Companies, & Plant Owner Companies.

Create & Understand Piping Layouts and Isometrics.

Create MTO (Material Take off).

Establish Pressure Ratings for Piping Components, Valves / Flanges.

Select Flange, Gaskets, Valves etc.

Understand & Use ASME Code & Standards.

Understand Equipment Vendor Drawings.

Create Plant equipment & piping layouts.

Understand Flow Diagrams (BFD/PFD’s & P& ID’s).

Interpret Pipe Properties.

Create Piping Material Specifications.

Perform Pressure Design/Hydraulic Design Calculations.

Piping Stress Requirements.

Perform Manual Pipe Stress Calculations using formulae, graphs, charts, nomographs.

Use CAESAR II Software to create 3d models of Piping Systems & Perform Static Stress Analysis.

Understand Piping Construction Requirements including Non Destructive Examination (NDE), Testing of Piping Systems, Fabrication Requirements, Assembly & Erection Practices. 



I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.                                 

Piping Fundamentals 

ASME Codes & Standards 

Pipe Fittings 



Special Elements 

Mechanical/Process Equipments 

Flow Diagrams 

Piping Specifications 

Piping & Equipment Layout 

Piping Isometrics 

Piping Spools 

Pipe Supports


II) Piping & Pipeline Systems Design. 

Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems/ Pipelines/ Building Services Piping. 

Hydraulic Design of Liquid Piping Systems & Pipelines. 


III) Pipe Stress Analysis. 


Pipe Span Calculations 

Expansion Loops & Expansion Joints 

Layout Solutions for Weight, Thermal, & Wind Loads. 

Sustained Loads 

Flexibility Analysis using Code Equations 

Occasional Loads 


IV) CAESAR II – Software Static Analysis.




I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.

Module - 1) Piping Fundamentals

Introduction to Process Plants

Difference between Code and Standards

Scope of Piping in Projects.

Plant Piping Systems and Transportation Pipelines.

Definition & Application of Pipe

Difference between pipes and tubes,

Pipe Designators – NPS , IPS , NB, Pipe Wall Thickness & Schedule, Pipe Weights, Lengths, Grades, Ends, Joining Methods, Methods of Manufacture, Pipe Ratings, Pipe Symbols.

ASTM Specifications of pipes.

Module - 2) Pipe Fittings – ASME Standards, Selection, Application, Drawing Symbols & Dimensioning.

Types of Fittings – Butt Weld, Screwed & Socket Weld.

Elbow – 90 degree (LR & SR), 45 degree, Reducing Ell, Elbow Representations on drawings, different views, drawing call outs .

Pipe Bends – Miter Bends, Miter types, Miter angle determination, Miter stress requirements, 180 degree Return, Representations on drawings.

Branch Connections – Weld Straight & Reducing Tee, Cross & Lateral. Representations on drawings, drawing call outs.

Reducers – Concentric & Eccentric, Reducer Offsets Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Eccentric reducer applications, offset calculation.

Stub Ends, Stub end types: Long, Short, Class A, Class B Representations on drawings, Application of Stub Ends.

Fabricated Branch Connections – Stub In & Stub On, Representations on drawings, Welding Minimums for Stub In.

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcing Pad, Welding Saddle, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

O let Fittings – Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Latrolets, Elbolets & Sweepolets, Nipolet, Flangolet Representations on drawings.

Types of Couplings: Full coupling, Reducing coupling, Half coupling, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Weld Cap, Plug, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Fitting Makeup – Dimensioning, Placement of Dimensions.

Minimum Pipe length requirements. 

Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings – Union, Plug, Coupling, Types of couplings, coupling applications. Types of Swages, Swage end configurations. Swage applications.

Classes of Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings 

Dimensioning Exercises

Module - 3) Pipe Flanges – ASME Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.

Definition of Flange.

Types of Flanges and Application, P-T. Ratings. – Forged Steel and Cast Iron Flanges.

Flange Facings – Flat Face, Raised Face, RTJ, & Male - Female, Tongue & Groove. Flange Face Finish types, application.

Weld Neck, Slip On, Threaded, Socket Weld, Lap-Joint, Reducing, Blind & Orifice Flanges.

Flange considerations by a Piping Engineer and by Code. Bolt hole requirements. Bolts & Nuts types.

Gaskets – Types, Thickness, selection requirements 

Flange selection exercise.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 4) Valves – ASME/API Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.


Valve Functions, P-T Ratings, Difference in Valve and flange Ratings, Valve Tag numbers, Locations & End Connections.

Valve Types – Gate, Globe, Ball, Check, Butterfly, Angle, PRV/PSV, Plug, Control Valve, Diaphragm, Needle, Piston, Flush bottom, 3-Way, 4-Way,  etc.

Control Valve Manifold: Types, Function, Layout types, Representation & Requirements on flow Diagrams and Layouts.

Valve Operators.

Valve Data Sheet preparation and understanding.

Valve Trim.

Valve Selection.

Valve Layout Considerations.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 5) ASME Codes & Standards

Introduction to ASME Pressure Piping Design Codes.

ASME Standards for Common Piping Elements.

API Codes.

Other Codes & Standards.

Module - 6) Piping Special Elements.


Bellows/Expansion Joints.

Rupture Disc.

Spectacle Blind.



Steam Traps.

Flame Arrestor.

Vortex Breaker.

Module - 7) Process Mechanical Equipments – API Standards, Symbols, & Application.

Static – Horizontal Vessels, Distillation columns, Storage Tanks, Heat Exchanger & Re boiler, Fired Heaters, Reactors, Cooling Towers.

Rotary – Pumps, Compressor, Fans.

Vessel trim.

Module - 8) Flow Diagrams.

Block flow Diagrams-BFD,

Process Flow Diagram – PFD. 

Utility Flow Diagram- UFD,

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram – P & ID.

Line Numbering,

Line Number requirements, 

Piping Tracing(Jacket Piping ,Steam/Electric tracing).

P& ID Requirements, 

Line Designation table/ Line list creation from P & ID.

Print Reading Exercise, 

Flow Diagram Exercises, 

Symbols & Abbreviations.

Equipment vendor data/PDS,

Instrument Types & Symbols – Flow, Temp, Pressure & Level.

Instrument Hook-up Drawing

Module - 9) Piping Material Specification (PMS)/ Piping class

PMS and its requirements,

Piping Specifications / Material Selection / P-T ratings / Valve Data / Branch table / Abbrevation details. 

PMS Application/Use by various departments.

Module - 10) Plot Plan, Equipment Layout, & Piping GA Drawings.

Plot Plan Development & Requirements.

Layout Terminology & call outs,

Control Point & Plant north, Battery Limits.

Equipment Layout:  Types, Guidelines for preparation based on type, 

Guidelines for Building layout types.

Piping GA Drawing Requirements and Layout Procedure.

Pipe routing requirements

Pump GA Drawing and Layout Consideration.

Tank & Vessel Layout Consideration.

GA - Print Reading Exercise.

oInputs(Drawings/Documents) for piping G A drawings.

Module - 11) Piping Isometrics

Isometric requirements

Drawing Piping Isometrics

Isometric Dimensions, Notes & Callouts.

Isometric Offsets.

Print Reading Exercises.

Exercises on Creation of Isometrics form Piping Plans and Sections.

Inputs (Drawings/Documents) for piping Isometric drawings.

Module - 12) Piping Spools


Types of Spool Drawings.

Guidelines to Prepare Spool Drawings.

Print Reading Exercises.

Exercises on Creation of Piping Spool from Piping Isometrics.

MTO (Material Take Off):  Types, and applications.

Module - 13) Pipe Supports

Classification of Supports.

Primary supports

Secondary supports

Rest supports

Anchor supports

Standard supports

Standard support details required

Non Standard supports/Special pipe supports(SPS)

SPS  requirements.


Pipe Guides.

Limit Stops.

Pipe Shoe.

Shoe Guides / Hold down guides,

Dummy Leg / Trunion.

Field Support / Base Support.

Rigid Hangers – Rod & Clevis, Trapeze.

Pick up supports, 

Flexible/Spring supports – Variable & Constant.

Control valve manifold supports.

Piping support Engineer work procedure.

Pipe Rack Design – Types, Height & Width Calculations, Pipe Arrangements.

Control Station & Utility Station on Pipe Racks.

II) Piping Systems Design

Module - 1) Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems – ASME B 31.3.

Scope of ASME B 31.3, B31.4 & B 31.8

ASME B 31.3 Fluid Service Categories.

Design Pressure & Design Temperature for Piping Systems.

P-T Rating Determination of Flanges, Threaded  & Socket Weld Fittings.

Pressure Design of Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. – Wall thickness Calculations.

MDP – Maximum Design Pressure for Piping S.ystems

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcement Pad Calculations.

Pressure Design of Miter Bends – Single & Multiple Miters.

Pressure Design of Blanks.

Pipeline Wall thickness Calculations – B 31.4 / B 31.8.

MAOP – Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure for Pipelines.

Piping Material Selection per ASME Code.

Module - 2) Hydraulic Design of Liquid Piping Systems & Pipelines.

A.Pressure Drop Due to Friction

Velocity Variation in Pipes

Typical Velocities for Water Piping & Other Liquids

Pipe Sizing

Hazen Williams Equation

Darcy Weisbach Equation

Friction Factor

Reynolds Number

Colebrook White Equation

Moody Diagram

Minor Losses in Pipe Fittings – Equivalent Length Method & K-Factor method.

B.Pressure & Horse Power Required

Total Pressure Required to Transport – Friction Head, Elevation Head, And Minimum Delivery Pressure.

Elements of Total Dynamic Head – Static Head, Pressure Head, Velocity Head, Friction Head.

Pump Horse Power Required.

Cavitation in Pumps.

NPSH Required & NPSH Available for Pumps.

III) Pipe Stress Analysis

Module - 1) Introduction

Objectives & Definition of Stress Analysis

Piping Loads –  Primary, Secondary, Sustained Loads, Occasional Loads, Static & Dynamic Loads.

Piping Stresses- Primary, Secondary.

Stresses acting in Pipe due to internal Pressure.

Stresses acting in Pipe due to pipe weight.

Critical Line List & its criteria.

Information Required for Stress Analysis.

Occasional Loads

Wind Load.

Seismic Load.

Water Hammer Load.

Theories of Failure.

Requirements of ASME B 31.3 Code – Sustained Loads, Thermal Expansion & Occasional Loads.

Module - 2) Pipe Span Calculations

Span limitations based on Stress, Deflection & Natural Frequency.

Allowable Pipe Span Calculations.

Suggested Pipe Support Spacing.

Pipe Span Reduction Factor for Elbows, Concentrated Loads etc.

Module -  3) Flexibility Analysis – Expansion Loops & Expansion Joints.

Concept of Thermal Expansion.

Providing Flexibility in Piping.

Minimum Leg Required to Absorb Thermal Expansion.

Stress Nomographs for Pump and Vessel Piping.

Types of Expansion Loops.

Expansion Loop Sizing for Hot Piping.

Expansion Loops requirements on pipe racks.

Nozzle Thermal Growth Calculations – pumps, vessels, heat exchangers.

Expansion Joints – Types, Application & Selection.

Bellow Materials, Hydrostatic Test Pressure for Bellows.

Guide Spacing for Expansion Joints.

Severe Cyclic Conditions.

Module - 4) Layout Solutions for Weight, Thermal, Vibration & Wind Loads.

Causes of Pipe Stress.

Solving Concentrated Loads and Reducing Loads on Equipment Nozzles.

Checking Piping Layout in Pipe Racks.

Checking Piping Layout for Reciprocating Equipment.

Checking Piping Layout for Wind Load.

Solutions for piping loads.

Selection of Supports, Location of Supports and Restraints on a Pump Piping Layout.

Module – 5) Flexibility Analysis using ASME B 31.3 Code Equations.

Thermal Expansion Stress – Se, Code Allowable Thermal Displacement Stress Range Sa.

Stress Range Reduction Factors – f.

Bending & Torsion Stress.

Formal Analysis Requirements.

Inplane & Outplane Bending Moments

Stress Intensification Factors – SIF.

Calculation of Thermal Expansion Stress

Cold Spring.

IV) CAESAR – II – Pipe Stress Analysis Software


Piping Input Spreadsheet.

Modelling of Piping Isometrics – Bends, Returns, Reducers, Valves, Loops etc.

Performing Static Analysis.

Load case explanations

Modifying Load Cases.

Hanger Selection.

Set up of SUS, OPE, EXP, HYD, HGR Load cases.

Set up of Wind Load cases.

Set up of Uniform Load cases.

WRC Nozzle load calculations.

Viewing Reports.

Word/Excel file conversion of reports.

Making/Reviewing unit files.

Importing Lines for stress analysis.

10 Practical Examples – Input, Analysis & Redesign.

*Numerous Examples are covered to illustrate application of Piping Systems Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering & Pipe Drafting. Application of ASME B31.3 Code for Piping Design, Construction & Integrity.

*100 Practical Examples shall be covered during the course for Detailed Engineering, Design & Stress Analysis.

*Oil Refinery Project on Detailed Engineering of Piping Systems.