Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3

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06-Dec-2019 30 Days Hyderabad 02:00pm to 07:00pm Apply
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Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3


Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3

This is a comprehensive program designed to present all major topics relative to the Process Piping Drafting, Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering of Piping Systems, Mechanical design, Pressure Design, Construction of Piping Systems.

The program also covers Process Equipments, Plant Layout, and Mechanical & Pressure Design of Pipelines. 

The program duration is 45 days Full time Instruction including concept theory, design calculations, piping drawings, system design, drafting and construction.


Fresh Mechanical / Chemical Engineering Graduates, Diploma & ITI.

Practicing Piping Design/layout Engineers, Piping 3d Cad Engineers, Piping Draftsmen, Piping Construction Engineers, Piping Fabrication Engineers, Piping Supervisors, Piping Stress Engineers, Piping QA/QC engineers.


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to

Perform various tasks in piping works, which can be related to Layout & Design, Drafting, Stress analysis & Construction, in Design Office, EPC Companies, & Plant Owner Companies.

Create & Understand Piping Layouts and Isometrics.

Create MTO (Material Take off).

Establish Pressure Ratings for Piping Components, Valves / Flanges.

Select Flange, Gaskets, Valves etc.

Understand & Use ASME Code & Standards.

Understand Equipment Vendor Drawings.

Create Plant equipment & piping layouts.

Understand Flow Diagrams (BFD/PFD’s & P& ID’s).

Interpret Pipe Properties.

Create Piping Material Specifications.

Perform Pressure Design Calculations.

Understand Piping Construction Requirements including Non Destructive Examination (NDE), Testing of Piping Systems, Fabrication Requirements, Assembly & Erection Practices. 




I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting. 

Piping Fundamentals 

ASME Codes & Standards 

Pipe Fittings 



Special Elements 

Mechanical/Process Equipments 

Flow Diagrams 

Piping Specifications 

Piping & Equipment Layout 

Piping Isometrics 

Piping Spools 

Pipe Supports

II) Piping & Pipeline Systems Design. 

Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems/ Pipelines/ Building Services Piping.  

III) Piping Construction

Piping Fabrication & Construction

Fabrication & Installation Requirements of ASME B 31.3

Inspection & Testing of Piping Systems

Inspection, Examination & Testing Requirements of ASME B 31.3




I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.

Module – 1) Piping Fundamentals

Introduction to Process Plants

Difference between Code and Standards

Scope of Piping in Projects.

Plant Piping Systems and Transportation Pipelines.

Definition & Application of Pipe

Difference between pipes and tubes,

Pipe Designators – NPS , IPS , NB, Pipe Wall Thickness & Schedule, Pipe Weights, Lengths, Grades, Ends, Joining Methods, Methods of Manufacture, Pipe Ratings, Pipe Symbols.

ASTM Specifications of pipes.

Module - 2) Pipe Fittings – ASME Standards, Selection, Application, Drawing Symbols & Dimensioning.

Types of Fittings – Butt Weld, Screwed & Socket Weld.

Elbow – 90 degree (LR & SR), 45 degree, Reducing Ell, Elbow Representations on drawings, different views, drawing call outs .

Pipe Bends – Miter Bends, Miter types, Miter angle determination, Miter stress requirements, 180 degree Return, Representations on drawings.

Branch Connections – Weld Straight & Reducing Tee, Cross & Lateral. Representations on drawings, drawing call outs.

Reducers – Concentric & Eccentric, Reducer Offsets Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Eccentric reducer applications, offset calculation.

Stub Ends, Stub end types: Long, Short, Class A, Class B Representations on drawings, Application of Stub Ends.

Fabricated Branch Connections – Stub In & Stub On, Representations on drawings, Welding Minimums for Stub In.

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcing Pad, Welding Saddle, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

O let Fittings – Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Latrolets, Elbolets & Sweepolets, Nipolet, Flangolet Representations on drawings.

Types of Couplings: Full coupling, Reducing coupling, Half coupling, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Weld Cap, Plug, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Fitting Makeup – Dimensioning, Placement of Dimensions.

Minimum Pipe length requirements. 

Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings – Union, Plug, Coupling, Types of couplings, coupling applications. Types of Swages, Swage end configurations. Swage applications.

Classes of Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings 

Dimensioning Exercises

Module - 3) Pipe Flanges – ASME Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.

Definition of Flange.

Types of Flanges and Application, P-T. Ratings. – Forged Steel and Cast Iron Flanges.

Flange Facings – Flat Face, Raised Face, RTJ, & Male - Female, Tongue & Groove. Flange Face Finish types, application.

Weld Neck, Slip On, Threaded, Socket Weld, Lap-Joint, Reducing, Blind & Orifice Flanges.

Flange considerations by a Piping Engineer and by Code. Bolt hole requirements. Bolts & Nuts types.

Gaskets – Types, Thickness, selection requirements 

Flange selection exercise.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 4) Valves – ASME/API Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.


Valve Functions, P-T Ratings, Difference in Valve and flange Ratings, Valve Tag numbers, Locations & End Connections.

Valve Types – Gate, Globe, Ball, Check, Butterfly, Angle, PRV/PSV, Plug, Control Valve, Diaphragm, Needle, Piston, Flush bottom, 3-Way, 4-Way,  etc.

Control Valve Manifold: Types, Function, Layout types, Representation & Requirements on flow Diagrams and Layouts.

Valve Operators.

Valve Data Sheet preparation and understanding.

Valve Trim.

Valve Selection.

Valve Layout Considerations.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 5) ASME Codes & Standards

Introduction to ASME Pressure Piping Design Codes.

ASME Standards for Common Piping Elements.

API Codes.

Other Codes & Standards.

Module - 6) Piping Special Elements.


Bellows/Expansion Joints.

Rupture Disc.

Spectacle Blind.



Steam Traps.

Flame Arrestor.

Vortex Breaker.

Module - 7) Process Mechanical Equipments – API Standards, Symbols, & Application.

Static – Horizontal Vessels, Distillation columns, Storage Tanks, Heat Exchanger & Re boiler, Fired Heaters, Reactors, Cooling Towers.

Rotary – Pumps, Compressor, Fans.

Vessel trim.

Module - 8) Flow Diagrams.

Block flow Diagrams-BFD,

Process Flow Diagram – PFD. 

Utility Flow Diagram- UFD,

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram – P & ID.

Line Numbering,

Line Number requirements, 

Piping Tracing (Jacket Piping, Steam/Electric tracing).

P& ID Requirements, 

Line Designation table/ Line list creation from P & ID.

Print Reading Exercise, 

Flow Diagram Exercises, 

Symbols & Abbreviations.

Equipment vendor data/PDS,

Instrument Types & Symbols – Flow, Temp, Pressure & Level.

Instrument Hook-up Drawing

Module - 9) Piping Material Specification (PMS)/ Piping class.

PMS and its requirements,

Piping Specifications / Material Selection / P-T ratings / Valve Data / Branch table / Abbreviation details. 

PMS Application/Use by various departments.

Module - 10) Plot Plan, Equipment Layout, & Piping GA Drawings.

Plot Plan Development & Requirements.

Layout Terminology & call outs,

Control Point & Plant north, Battery Limits.

Equipment Layout:  Types, Guidelines for preparation based on type, 

Guidelines for Building layout types.

Piping GA Drawing Requirements and Layout Procedure.

Pipe routing requirements

Pump GA Drawing and Layout Consideration.

Tank & Vessel Layout Consideration.

GA - Print Reading Exercise.

Inputs(Drawings/Documents) for piping G A drawings.

Module - 11) Piping Isometrics.

Isometric requirements

Drawing Piping Isometrics

Isometric Dimensions, Notes & Callouts.

Isometric Offsets.

Print Reading Exercises.

Exercises on Creation of Isometrics form Piping Plans and Sections.

Inputs (Drawings/Documents) for piping Isometric drawings.

Module - 12) Piping Spools.


Types of Spool Drawings.

Guidelines to Prepare Spool Drawings.

Print Reading Exercises.

Exercises on Creation of Piping Spool from Piping Isometrics.

MTO (Material Take Off):  Types, and applications.

Module - 13) Pipe Supports.

Classification of Supports.

Primary supports

Secondary supports

Rest supports

Anchor supports

Standard supports

Standard support details required

Non Standard supports/Special pipe supports(SPS)

SPS  requirements.


Pipe Guides.

Limit Stops.

Pipe Shoe.

Shoe Guides / Hold down guides,

Dummy Leg / Trunion.

Field Support / Base Support.

Rigid Hangers – Rod & Clevis, Trapeze.

Pick up supports, 

Flexible/Spring supports – Variable & Constant.

Control valve manifold supports.

Piping support Engineer work procedure.

Pipe Rack Design – Types, Height & Width Calculations, Pipe Arrangements.

Control Station & Utility Station on Pipe Racks.


II) Piping Systems Design

Module - 1) Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems – ASME B 31.3.

Scope of ASME B 31.3, B31.4 & B 31.8

ASME B 31.3 Fluid Service Categories.

Design Pressure & Design Temperature for Piping Systems.

P-T Rating Determination of Flanges, Threaded & Socket Weld Fittings.

Pressure Design of Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. – Wall thickness Calculations.

MDP – Maximum Design Pressure for Piping Systems

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcement Pad Calculations.

Pressure Design of Miter Bends – Single & Multiple Miters.

Pressure Design of Blanks.

Pipeline Wall thickness Calculations – B 31.4 / B 31.8.

MAOP – Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure for Pipelines.

Piping Material Selection per ASME Code.


III) Piping Construction

Module - 1) Piping Fabrication & Construction.

Fabrication Requirements

Material Limitations ( Pipe, Nipples, Flanges , Fittings)


Fit- Up Tolerances ( Mitered Joints, Ends for Field Welding )

Pipe Bending ( Hot & Cold )

Welding & Heat Treatment

Butt Welds

Fillet Welds 

Welding Steps

Inspection & Testing Of Pipe Spools

Product Marking 





Metallic Plant Piping Installation Requirements

Pipe Fitup & Tolerances

Pipe Alignment to Load Sensitive Equipment

Flange Joint Assembly

Buried Installation

Module - 2) Fabrication & Installation Requirements of ASME B 31.3.

Welder/Brazer Qualification

Welding Processes ( SMAW, GMAW, FCAW, GTAW )

Weld Preparation

Typical Welds

Preheating and Heat Treatment

Bending and Forming

Typical Owner Added Requirements


Module - 3) Inspection & Testing of Piping Systems.

Typical Weld Imperfections

Types of Weld Inspection  ( Visual, Radiography, Magnetic Particle, Liquid Penetrant, Ultrasonic )

Examination Requirements

Types of Pressure tests ( Strength, Tightness, Leak, System, Service)

Plant Piping – Hydrostatic Leak Test

Pneumatic Test – Plant Piping

Cross Country Pipeline – Hydrostatic Test

Module - 4) Inspection, Examination & Testing Requirements of ASME B 31.3.


Examination ( Methods, Requirements & Acceptance Criteria)

Leak Testing ( Methods & Requirements )


*Numerous Examples are covered to illustrate application of Piping Systems Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering & Pipe Drafting. Application of ASME B31.3 Code for Piping Design, Construction & Integrity.

*Practical Examples shall be covered during the course for Detailed Engineering, Design & Construction.