Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3

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01-Apr-2019 30 Days Hyderabad 02:00pm to 07:00pm Apply
Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3.pdf
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Process Piping Design & Construction as per ASME B 31.3


This is a comprehensive program designed to present all major topics relative to the Process Piping Drafting, Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering of Piping Systems, Mechanical design, Pressure Design, Construction of Piping Systems.

The program also covers Process Equipments, Plant Layout, and Mechanical & Pressure Design of Pipelines. 

The program duration is 30 days Full time Instruction including concept theory, design calculations, piping drawings, system design, drafting and construction.


Fresh Mechanical / Chemical Engineering Graduates, Diploma & ITI.

Practicing Piping Design/layout Engineers, Piping 3d Cad Engineers, Piping Draftsmen, Piping Construction Engineers, Piping Fabrication Engineers, Piping Supervisors, Piping Stress Engineers, Piping QA/QC engineers.


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to

Perform various tasks in piping works, which can be related to Layout & Design, Drafting, Stress analysis & Construction, in Design Office, EPC Companies, & Plant Owner Companies.

Create & Understand Piping Layouts and Isometrics.

Create MTO (Material Take off).

Establish Pressure Ratings for Piping Components, Valves / Flanges.

Select Flange, Gaskets, Valves etc.

Understand & Use ASME Code & Standards.

Understand Equipment Vendor Drawings.

Create Plant equipment & piping layouts.

Understand Flow Diagrams (BFD/PFD’s & P& ID’s).

Interpret Pipe Properties.

Create Piping Material Specifications.

Perform Pressure Design Calculations.

Understand Piping Construction Requirements including Non Destructive Examination (NDE), Testing of Piping Systems, Fabrication Requirements, Assembly & Erection Practices. 



I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting. 

Piping Fundamentals 

ASME Codes & Standards 

Pipe Fittings 



Special Elements 

Mechanical/Process Equipments 

Flow Diagrams 

Piping Specifications 

Piping & Equipment Layout 

Piping Isometrics 

Piping Spools 

Pipe Supports

II) Piping & Pipeline Systems Design. 

Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems/ Pipelines/ Building Services Piping 

III) Piping Construction

Piping Fabrication & Construction

Fabrication & Installation Requirements of ASME B 31.3

Inspection & Testing of Piping Systems

Inspection, Examination & Testing Requirements of ASME B 31.3



I) Piping Systems Detailed Engineering /Plant & Piping Layout Engineering / Piping Drafting.

Module – 1) Piping Fundamentals

Introduction to Process Plants

Difference between Code and Standards

Scope of Piping in Projects.

Plant Piping Systems and Transportation Pipelines.

Definition & Application of Pipe

Difference between pipes and tubes,

Pipe Designators – NPS, IPS, NB, Pipe Wall Thickness & Schedule, Pipe Weights, Lengths, Grades, Ends, Joining Methods, Methods of Manufacture, Pipe Ratings, Pipe Symbols.

ASTM Specifications of pipes.

Module - 2) Pipe Fittings – ASME Standards, Selection, Application, Drawing Symbols & Dimensioning.

Types of Fittings – Butt Weld, Screwed & Socket Weld.

Elbow – 90 degree (LR & SR), 45 degree, Reducing Ell, Elbow Representations on drawings, different views, drawing call outs .

Pipe Bends – Miter Bends, Miter types, Miter angle determination, Miter stress requirements, 180 degree Return, Representations on drawings.

Branch Connections – Weld Straight & Reducing Tee, Cross & Lateral. Representations on drawings, drawing call outs.

Reducers – Concentric & Eccentric, Reducer Offsets Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Eccentric reducer applications, offset calculation.

Stub Ends, Stub end types: Long, Short, Class A, Class B Representations on drawings, Application of Stub Ends.

Fabricated Branch Connections – Stub In & Stub On, Representations on drawings, Welding Minimums for Stub In.

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcing Pad, Welding Saddle, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

O let Fittings – Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Latrolets, Elbolets & Sweepolets, Nipolet, Flangolet Representations on drawings.

Types of Couplings: Full coupling, Reducing coupling, Half coupling, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Weld Cap, Plug, Representations on drawings, Drawing call outs.

Fitting Makeup – Dimensioning, Placement of Dimensions.

Minimum Pipe length requirements. 

Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings – Union, Plug, Coupling, Types of couplings, coupling applications. Types of Swages, Swage end configurations. Swage applications.

Classes of Screwed & Socket Weld Fittings 

Dimensioning Exercises

Module - 3) Pipe Flanges – ASME Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.

Definition of Flange.

Types of Flanges and Application, P-T. Ratings. – Forged Steel and Cast Iron Flanges.

Flange Facings – Flat Face, Raised Face, RTJ, & Male - Female, Tongue & Groove. Flange Face Finish types, application.

Weld Neck, Slip On, Threaded, Socket Weld, Lap-Joint, Reducing, Blind & Orifice Flanges.

Flange considerations by a Piping Engineer and by Code. Bolt hole requirements. Bolts & Nuts types.

Gaskets – Types, Thickness, selection requirements 

Flange selection exercise.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 4) Valves – ASME/API Standards, Symbols, Selection & Application.


Valve Functions, P-T Ratings, Difference in Valve and flange Ratings, Valve Tag numbers, Locations & End Connections.

Valve Types – Gate, Globe, Ball, Check, Butterfly, Angle, PRV/PSV, Plug, Control Valve, Diaphragm, Needle, Piston, Flush bottom, 3-Way, 4-Way,  etc.

Control Valve Manifold: Types, Function, Layout types, Representation & Requirements on flow Diagrams and Layouts.

Valve Operators.

Valve Data Sheet preparation and understanding.

Valve Trim.

Valve Selection.

Valve Layout Considerations.

Dimensioning Exercises.

Module - 5) ASME Codes & Standards.

Introduction to ASME Pressure Piping Design Codes.

ASME Standards for Common Piping Elements.

API Codes.

Other Codes & Standards.

Module - 6) Piping Special Elements.


Bellows/Expansion Joints.

Rupture Disc.

Spectacle Blind.



Steam Traps.

Flame Arrestor.

Vortex Breaker.

Module - 7) Process Mechanical Equipments – API Standards, Symbols & Application.

Static – Horizontal Vessels, Distillation columns, Storage Tanks, Heat Exchanger & Re boiler, Fired Heaters, Reactors, Cooling Towers.

Rotary – Pumps, Compressor, Fans.

Vessel trim.

Module - 8) Flow Diagrams.

Block flow Diagrams-BFD,

Process Flow Diagram – PFD. 

Utility Flow Diagram- UFD,

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram – P & ID.

Line Numbering,

Line Number requirements, 

Piping Tracing (Jacket Piping, Steam/Electric tracing).

P& ID Requirements, 

Line Designation table/ Line list creation from P & ID.

Print Reading Exercise, 

Flow Diagram Exercises, 

Symbols & Abbreviations.

Equipment vendor data/PDS,

Instrument Types & Symbols – Flow, Temp, Pressure & Level.

Instrument Hook-up Drawing

Module - 9) Piping Material Specification (PMS)/ Piping class.

PMS and its requirements,

Piping Specifications / Material Selection / P-T ratings / Valve Data / Branch table / Abbreviation details. 

PMS Application/Use by various departments.

Module - 10) Plot Plan, Equipment Layout, & Piping GA Drawings.

Plot Plan Development & Requirements

Layout Terminology & call outs

Control Point & Plant north, Battery Limits.

Equipment Layout:  Types, Guidelines for preparation based on type

Guidelines for Building layout types.

Piping GA Drawing Requirements and Layout Procedure.

Pipe routing requirements

Pump GA Drawing and Layout Consideration

Tank & Vessel Layout Consideration.

GA - Print Reading Exercise.

Inputs(Drawings/Documents) for piping G A drawings.

Module - 11) Piping Isometrics.

Isometric requirements

Drawing Piping Isometrics

Isometric Dimensions, Notes & Callouts.

Isometric Offsets.

Print Reading Exercises.

Exercises on Creation of Isometrics form Piping Plans and Sections.

Inputs (Drawings/Documents) for piping Isometric drawings.

Module - 12) Piping Spools.


Types of Spool Drawings

Guidelines to Prepare Spool Drawings

Print Reading Exercises

Exercises on Creation of Piping Spool from Piping Isometrics

MTO (Material Take Off):  Types, and applications

Module - 13) Pipe Supports.

Classification of Supports.

Primary supports

Secondary supports

Rest supports

Anchor supports

Standard supports

Standard support details required

Non Standard supports/Special pipe supports(SPS)

SPS  requirements.


Pipe Guides

Limit Stops

Pipe Shoe

Shoe Guides / Hold down guides

Dummy Leg / Trunion

Field Support / Base Support

Rigid Hangers – Rod & Clevis, Trapeze

Pick up supports

Flexible/Spring supports – Variable & Constant

Control valve manifold supports

Piping support Engineer work procedure

Pipe Rack Design – Types, Height & Width Calculations, Pipe Arrangements

Control Station & Utility Station on Pipe Racks


II) Piping Systems Design

Module - 1) Pressure Design of Process Piping Systems – ASME B 31.3.

Scope of ASME B 31.3, B31.4 & B 31.8

ASME B 31.3 Fluid Service Categories

Design Pressure & Design Temperature for Piping Systems

P-T Rating Determination of Flanges, Threaded & Socket Weld Fittings

Pressure Design of Straight Pipe under Internal Pressure. – Wall thickness Calculations

MDP – Maximum Design Pressure for Piping Systems

Branch Reinforcements – Reinforcement Pad Calculations

Pressure Design of Miter Bends – Single & Multiple Miters

Pressure Design of Blanks.

Pipeline Wall thickness Calculations – B 31.4 / B 31.8.

MAOP – Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure for Pipelines.

Piping Material Selection per ASME Code.


III) Piping Construction

Module - 1) Piping Fabrication & Construction.

Fabrication Requirements

Material Limitations (Pipe, Nipples, Flanges , Fittings)


Fit- Up Tolerances (Mitered Joints, Ends for Field Welding)

Pipe Bending (Hot & Cold)

Welding & Heat Treatment

Butt Welds

Fillet Welds 

Welding Steps

Inspection & Testing Of Pipe Spools

Product Marking 





Metallic Plant Piping Installation Requirements

Pipe Fitup & Tolerances

Pipe Alignment to Load Sensitive Equipment

Flange Joint Assembly

Buried Installation

Module - 2) Fabrication & Installation Requirements of ASME B 31.3.

Welder/Brazer Qualification

Welding Processes (SMAW, GMAW, FCAW, GTAW)

Weld Preparation

Typical Welds

Preheating and Heat Treatment

Bending and Forming

Typical Owner Added Requirements


Module - 3) Inspection & Testing of Piping Systems.

Typical Weld Imperfections

Types of Weld Inspection  (Visual, Radiography, Magnetic Particle, Liquid Penetrant, Ultrasonic)

Examination Requirements

Types of Pressure tests (Strength, Tightness, Leak, System, Service)

Plant Piping – Hydrostatic Leak Test

Pneumatic Test – Plant Piping

Cross Country Pipeline – Hydrostatic Test

Module - 4) Inspection, Examination & Testing Requirements of ASME B 31.3.


Examination (Methods, Requirements & Acceptance Criteria)

Leak Testing (Methods & Requirements)


*Numerous Examples are covered to illustrate application of Piping Systems Detailed Engineering / Layout Engineering & Pipe Drafting. Application of ASME B31.3 Code for Piping Design, Construction & Integrity.

*Practical Examples shall be covered during the course for Detailed Engineering, Design & Construction.