Plumbing & Fire Fighting Systems - IPC & NFPA ( Design & Drafting )

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02-Mar-2020 30 Days Hyderabad 02:00pm to 05:00pm Apply
Plumbing & Fire Fighting Systems - IPC & NFPA (Design & Drafting).pdf
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Plumbing & Fire Fighting Systems - IPC & NFPA ( Design & Drafting )


This is a fast-paced program designed to present all major topics relative to the Plumbing & Fire Fighting Systems Design & Drafting per IPC & NFPA.

The program duration is 30 days of Full time Instruction consisting of concept theory, problem solving, design, detailed engineering & drafting along with a project.


This course is applicable to mechanical and HVAC engineers, process engineers, architects, building designers, contractors, energy auditors, facility managers who are involved in the design and installation of plumbing systems.


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to

This course provides basic design criteria pertinent to the design of Plumbing, Sanitary & Water Based Fire Fighting systems. This course identifies and outlines the types of drainage systems (sanitary and storm water), supply water distribution systems, hot water systems, sprinkler systems, standpipe systems and private hydrant systems, appropriate for your needs, together with the wise system design & energy conservation.

Gain an understanding of the basic principles and code requirements of typical plumbing systems and the ability to design and review plumbing systems. Know how to use calculations in the selection of piping materials and the methods of construction, sizing of piping and equipment, and plumbing fixture selection. Be well prepared to meet the design challenges of the varying types of commercial and institutional projects anticipated in the next decade.



I) Plumbing Systems


Piping Systems 

Water Supply – Cold & Potable Water Systems

Hot Water Supply System

Hydraulics and Pumping Systems

Sanitary Drainage System

Storm Water Management

II) Fire Fighting Systems


Fire Dynamics

Fire Sprinkler Systems - NFPA 13

Design & Layout

Fire Sprinkler Hydraulics-NFPA 20

Standpipe Systems-NFPA 14

Private Hydrant and Hose Systems-NFPA 14



I) Plumbing Systems Design          

Module – 1) Introduction

Introduction, History, Scope, Objective, Building Services

Plumbing Codes & Standards -UPC, SPC, NPC, BOCA & IPC

Plumbing Scope in a building

Role of Plumbing Practitioners

Plumbing Fixtures & Appliances – Definitions, Symbols, Supply 

Installation & Fixture Clearances 

Water Closet, Lavatory, Bath Tub, Shower Head, Bidet, Urinal

Floor Drain, Kitchen Sink, Dish Washer, Waste Food Grinder

Drinking Fountain, Laundry Tray, Hose Bib

Flushing Systems

Water Consumption

Module – 2) Piping Systems

Fundamentals-Pipe, Tube

Pipe Designators – NPS, IPS, NB

Pipe Wall Thickness, Schedule, Pipe Weight, Lengths, Grades, Ends

onnections in Piping System

Pipe Joining Methods (Threaded, Socket-Weld, Butt-Weld, Flanged)

Pipe Fittings – Elbows (90° - Long Radius, Short Radius, 45° Bends, Reducing, Mitre)

Tee – Equal, Reducing

Fabricated – Stub-In, Stub-On

Reducers – Concentric, Eccentric, FOT, FOB

Couplings, Unions, Plug, Swage

Flanges, Configurations, Types

Valves – Introduction, Functions, Components, Locations

Gate, Globe, Butterfly, Ball, Angle, Check, PRV, Drain, Air Vent, Control Valves

Valve Operators, Valve Layout Considerations

Basics of Heat transfer in a building envelop.

Understanding of Outdoor & Indoor Conditions.

Indoor Conditions requirements

Exposure of Wall, Latitude of Location, Daily Range etc

Factors affecting the loads estimate.

Module – 3) Water Supply – Cold & Potable Water Systems

Introduction, Water, Sources of Water Supply, Requirements

Estimating the Total Demand for Water Supply System

Water Meter, Types, Sizing, Pressure Drop

Water Supply Systems in Buildings – Direct, Over-Head Tank

Underground-Overhead, Direct Pumping Systems

Water Distribution System in Building-Up-Feed, Down-Feed 

Types, Sizing Underground & Overhead Tank

Booster Pump Requirement

Estimation of Number of Plumbing Fixtures

Fixture Units/Demand Units/Loading Units

Estimation of Fixture Units, Simultaneous Demand

Hunter Curves, Max. Probable Flow

Sizing Water Supply Piping - Pressure Drop & Velocity Limitation

Pressure Needed in Different Fixtures

Excessive Water Pressure, Water Hamme

Module – 4) Hot Water Supply System

Introduction, Hot Water Requirement

Hot Water Temperature for Various Services

Components of Hot Water Supply System

Water Heaters, Types, Storage Tanks

Hot Water Distribution Piping System

Individual Geysers

Centralized Hot-Water Systems

Hot Water Circulation Systems – Up-Feed, Down-Feed, Combined, Inverted

Design – Average Hot Water Demand

Water Heater Coil Capacity, Storage Tank Capacity

Module - 5) Hydraulics and Pumping Systems

Introduction, Density, Viscosity

Pressure-Vapor, Atmospheric ,Absolute and Gauge 

Static Head, Dynamic Head

Flow under Gravity Conditions – Pipes

Open Channels, Flow under Pressure

Coefficient of Roughness, Frictional Loss, Nomo graph

Need for Pumping

Pump Types – Centrifugal, Rotary, Positive Reciprocating

Pump Application  – Booster, Circulation, Submersible, Sewage and Sump Pump

Pumping Systems – Direct Boosting, Break-Pressure Tank, Hydro-Pneumatic

Pump Characteristics – Capacity, Total Dynamic Head, Efficiency, Power Required

Suction, Cavitation, Net Positive Suction Head

Module – 6) Sanitary Drainage System

Introduction, Waste Water-Black Water, Gray Water

Planning Layouts, Pipes, Fittings

Grouping of Drainage System-Above Ground, Basement, In Ground

Parts -Traps, Vents, Drainage Pipe, Building Drain Pipe, Sewer

System Types – One-pipe, Two-pipe, Single Stack, Soil Stack, Waste Stack

Drainage Fixture Units, Estimation

Sizing-Horizontal Fixture Branches, Stacks

Branch Intervals, Maximum Capacities, Grading(sloping) of Horizontal Pipes

Vent System, Role of Atmospheric Pressure

Types – Wet, Waste Stack, Back-Back, Circuit, Loop, Individual Vent

Sizing and Length

Sewage Basin, Sewage Pump

Types-Submersible, Vertical Lift, Self Priming, Simplex, Duplex

Drawdown Capacity, Circular Basin Capacity, Basin Sizing

Sewage Pump Head Calculations

Module – 7) Storm Water Management

Introduction, Collection, Catchment Areas

Design Considerations- Rain Water Area, Amount of Rainfall

Type of Roof System- Flat Roofs, Sloped Roofs

Catchment Area, Roof Drains

Screening, Gutters, Leader, Horizontal Storm Drain

Sizing, Sloping, Connections

II) Fire Fighting Systems

Module – 1) Introduction

Requirement, Absolute Safety

Classification of Fire Safety Systems

Passive Fire Safety, Active Fire Safety

Fire Detection & Alarm System

Fire Suppression System

Foam, Chemical, Gaseous Systems

Water-Based Systems

Codes & Standards, Organizations

Design and steps for protection

Module – 2) Fire Dynamics

Fire Dynamics, Fire Tetrahedron

Fire Extinguishing Methods, Fire Extinguishing Agents

Fire Classes, Comparison of Classes

Fire Class & Extinguishing Agent

Types of Extinguishing Agents

Module – 3) Fire Sprinkler Systems - NFPA 13


Water Based Fire Suppression Systems

Fire Extinguishing Properties, Disadvantages

Building Occupancy Classification

NFPA Standards Related to Fire

Sprinkler Head Construction, Temperature Ratings, Configurations, Types

Sprinkler System Description, Types, Components

Module – 4) Design & Layout

Description, Riser, Feed Main, Cross Main, Branch Line

Typical Piping Layouts – Grid, Loop, Tree

Hazard Classification- Light, Ordinary, Extra, Special

Floor Area Limitation

Protection Area of Sprinkler

Spacing, Location

Sprinkler Pipe Sizing – Pipe Schedule Method

Module – 5) Fire Sprinkler Hydraulics-NFPA 20

Sprinkler Piping pressure, Material, Piping Joints, Wall thickness

Sprinkler Head K-Factor

Basic Design Circuit

Sprinkler Density Requirement

Hydraulic Analysis, Design Density

Area/Density Curves, Flow Adjustments

Riser Detail

Hazen-Williams Formula for Friction Loss

Sprinkler System Water Supplies

Module – 6) Standpipe Systems-NFPA 14

Introduction- Hose Connection, Valve, Nozzle

Hose Storage Devices, Hose Station

Combined Standpipe and Sprinkler System

Standpipe Classes – Class I, Class II, Class III

Fire Department Connection

Standpipe Classification – Automatic, Semi-Automatic, Manual

Standpipe Types – Dry, Wet

Requirements, System Zoning, System Demand

System Design – Location, Number, Interconnection, Minimum Size

Pressure Limitation, Supply and Flow Rates

Fire Tank Sizing

Hydraulic Calculation Procedure

Drains and Test Riser

Module – 7) Private Hydrant and Hose Systems-NFPA 14


Types – Wall, Wet Barrel, Frost-proof, Monitor Nozzle Hydrant

System Design -  Number, Size, Arrangement, Location

Flow Indicators, Body Color